operational definitions

For this assignment, you are to use the article given and answer the questions below. Make sure to number your responses. Use the full article, not the abstract.

We have all seen people walking while using a mobile device. Often they are talking, but they might be texting or viewing something on a smart phone screen. The authors were interested in the “mini-encounters” that occur when 2 people pass each other on a walkway. How does mobile device use affect what happens in these encounters? Patterson et al (2014) conducted an experiment in which confederates varied their greeting of a stranger approach with our without a mobile device.

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Using the article link, answer the following question. Make sure to use your words, not copy and pasted from the article or pretty much the same as someone else’s (I usually catch this because of spelling errors, odd phrases, etc.) Answer each question thoroughly.

Identify each independent variable (hint, there are 4). For each independent variable:
What were the levels (values) of the variable
Was the variable a manipulated variable or participant variable?
How was the variable operationalized?
Identify each dependent variable. Describe how each dependent variable was operationalized.
Which dependent variable was discarded from the analysis? Why?
Create an APA style in text citation AND an APA style reference for this article (see table 8.1 and figure 8.2 in APA guide).

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