Writing PromptWrite an informational essay about the relationship between historical events and the lessons we learn from them. Your essay must be based on ideas, concepts, and information from Achieve3000 articles “Never Again” and “Outbreaks and Breakthroughs”.Manage your time carefully so that you can• read the passages;• plan your response;• write your response; and• revise and edit your response.Be sure to• use evidence from multiple sources; and• avoid overly relying on one source.Your response should be in the form of a multiparagraph essay. Write your response in the space provided below.
Write an informational essay about the relationship between historical events and the lessons we learn from them. Your essay must be based on ideas, concepts, and information from Achieve3000 articles “Never Again” and “Outbreaks and Breakthroughs”.
The last, the very last,
So richly, brightly, dazzlingly yellow.
Perhaps if the sun’s tears would sing
against a white stone…
Such, such a yellow
Is carried lightly ‘way up high.
It went away I’m sure because it wished to
kiss the world goodbye.
For seven weeks I’ve lived in here,
Penned up inside this ghetto
But I have found my people here.
The dandelions call to me
And the white chestnut branches in the court.
Only I never saw another butterfly.
That butterfly was the last one.
Butterflies don’t live in here,
In the ghetto.
~ “The Butterfly” by Pavel Friedmann (1921-1944)
Pavel Friedmann wrote that poem in 1942 while imprisoned in a Jewish concentration camp. He died two years later in the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp. He was one of more than a million people murdered there. Like Friedmann, the great majority of them were Jewish. A short time after the young poet’s death, the camp was liberated. It was January 27, 1945.
Today, the world observes that date as Holocaust Remembrance Day. Six million European Jews perished during the terrifying period in history known as the Holocaust. They were victims of Nazi Germany’s plans to wipe out the Jewish people in Europe, along with other groups. Ever since, Holocaust survivors and human rights activists have organized, confronted, and taught about what happened. Their mission is to remind new generations that such terrible events must never be allowed to happen again.
After World War II ended in 1945, photographs and films from Nazi-run concentration camps shocked the world. Piles of bodies, starving survivors, and reports of mass executions were evidence of unimaginable cruelty. How could the educated, cultured people of Germany have supported plans for genocide? After the war, some Nazi leaders faced justice for their crimes. But the Nazis were only part of the story.
Post-war investigations made it clear that responsibility for the Holocaust went beyond those in Nazi uniform. Before the mass murders began, Germany had become a harsh dictatorship. People of conscience were imprisoned or killed. Others simply chose to do nothing. From the rise of Adolf Hitler in 1933 to the outbreak of the war in 1939, many people looked the other way. They allowed Jewish communities and anti-Nazi groups to be attacked. The Nazi grip on the country grew unbreakable. It set the stage for the military conquest of much of Europe. And the deaths of millions followed.
Since then, Holocaust survivors and human rights groups have condemned the kind of hateful beliefs that made the Holocaust possible. And they point out concerning signs in the world today: fear and anger toward immigrants and refugees, the jailing of political opponents, and acts of racism toward different religions, races, and ethnicities. They also warn about the failure of many to speak up in the face of injustice. Hate will spread unless confronted, they argue, just as it did in Nazi Germany.
So each year, on January 27, the international community observes Holocaust Remembrance Day. And every year, a theme is chosen to remember what happened to Pavel Friedmann and millions of others. It also reminds people to never let it happen again. The theme for 2021? “Be the light in the darkness.”
As Holocaust survivor Gena Turgel said: “We will continue to do our bit for as long as we can, secure in the knowledge that others will continue to light a candle long after us.”
Think about and discuss the following:
Elaborate on the conditions and ideas that contributed to the Holocaust.
Why is it important to learn about the Holocaust?
What significance does the Holocaust have to current world events?
Thats the article never again
RED BANK, New Jersey (Achieve3000, January 18, 2021). In December 2019, doctors identified something public health officials had been dreading. They found a new coronavirus in sick patients in the Chinese city of Wuhan. The virus caused a variety of symptoms, including damage to the lungs and heart. While coronaviruses are not uncommon, this one was highly contagious and had no cure. It was later named Covid-19.
The initial number of cases was small, but medical experts saw the threat—a pandemic waiting to erupt. They quickly raised the alarm. The outbreak, though, had already begun to spread. Country after country reported its first cases. Governments, hospitals, and researchers mobilized to prepare for the crisis ahead.
Covid-19 is not the first pandemic, and it won’t be the last. Large outbreaks of contagious diseases have occurred throughout human history. They have caused death and suffering and disrupted societies. At the same time, these health care emergencies have led to life-saving breakthroughs in medicine and healthcare.
One of the deadliest pandemics unfolded in the 1300s. It was known as the Bubonic Plague, or Black Death. This deadly disease spread across Asia and Europe, leaving millions sick. Historians estimate as much as one-half of Europe’s population perished.
At that time, people did not understand how germs could cause disease. Some physicians, though, observed that staying away from others slowed the spread of sickness. A few hard-hit cities instituted quarantines. This public health strategy is still used effectively today.
Beginning around the year 1500, European explorers and colonists carried diseases across the Atlantic Ocean. The outbreaks that followed demonstrated the importance of herd immunity in pandemics. Because Europeans had already been exposed to these illnesses, they had some immunity. The Native populations who met them did not. Smallpox, cholera, and other diseases spread unchecked among them. An estimated 90 percent of Native peoples in North and South America died.
More recently, the 1918 flu pandemic, also known as the Spanish Flu, infected some 500 million people worldwide. It killed an estimated 50 million. Like Covid-19, this flu was largely transmitted via respiration and airborne droplets. Public health officials urged people to cover their noses and mouths with masks to protect themselves and others. Many schools, theaters, and businesses were shut down to keep the flu from spreading.
After that pandemic, scientists developed a better understanding of influenza. They eventually produced a flu vaccine in 1944, which led to many other discoveries, including vaccines for Covid-19.
Like earlier pandemics, Covid-19 has spread around the world at an alarming rate. Within a year it went from a few cases in China to more than 88 million worldwide. Public health officials have urged citizens to practice time-tested strategies. These include social distancing and quarantine, handwashing, and mask-wearing, all of which help to lower infection rates. This gives health care professionals a better chance to treat those who do catch the virus.
These common-sense measures also buy time as governments race to distribute recently approved Covid-19 vaccines. Vaccination holds the promise of creating individual immunity. It also helps interrupt group transmission of the disease through herd immunity. It therefore could mean the beginning of happy reunions with family and friends.
Think about and discuss these questions:
How would you summarize the impacts of large outbreaks of contagious diseases that have occurred throughout human history?
What evidence supports the idea that social distancing and quarantine, handwashing, and mask-wearing are time-tested strategies used to fight contagious diseases?
thats the article outbreaks and breakthroughs
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