Applying Single-Subject Research Methodologies
For this assignment, read through the scenarios presented below. Each scenario corresponds to one of the single-subject research methods commonly employed by behavior analysts. For each scenario, complete the following:
Describe how you would apply that design to achieve the desired results.
Justify your proposed application process by citing a recent peer-reviewed article that effectively demonstrates a similar application of that methodology. (You cannot use the articles that you have read in previous studies.)
Then, select one of the scenarios and design a graph that will depict the results of the application of the research to the identified problem.
Scenario 1 – Multiple Baseline Design: Suppose you have two preschool students who engage in disruptive behavior in the classroom, and you want to evaluate an intervention to decrease the disruptive behavior. Describe how you would use a multiple baseline across subjects design to evaluate the intervention in this scenario.
Scenario 2 – Withdrawal Design: Juan acts out in class and makes jokes at inappropriate times. The teacher believes that he is exhibiting this behavior in order to gain her attention. How would you use a withdrawal design to determine if, in fact, Juan is trying to gain the teacher’s attention?
Scenario 3 – Alternative Treatments Design: Susan is trying to develop an exercise routine for herself. She wants to determine if she does better sticking to a routine if she participates regularly in a structured class, or if she exercises alone using equipment she has in the home, like workout videos, weight bench, bicycle, et cetera. How would you use an alternating treatment design to determine which type of exercise routine is most effective for Susan?
Scenario 4 – Changing Criterion Design: Bob is a heavy smoker. He has chosen to try to stop smoking gradually instead of cold turkey. He has set a quit date for the end of the month. How would Bob use a changing criterion design to help track his progress as he attempts to quit smoking?
Written communication: Employ academic communication skills that are scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others, in a manner consistent with members of the psychology profession. Use APA guidelines for grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
Length: 8–10 pages, excluding the cover page and references list. Include page numbers, headings, and running heads. No abstract is required.
References: A minimum of four scholarly or professional resources.
Format: Use current APA style and formatting, paying particular attention to citations and references.
Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12-point.
Use your Single Subject Research text to read the following:
Chapter 9, “Alternating Treatments Designs,” pages 231–264.
Chapter 8, “Multiple Baseline Designs,” pages 185–230.
Chapter 7, ” Changing Conditions and Changing Criterion Designs,” pages 152–183.
Chapter 6, “Withdrawal Designs,” pages 121–148.
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